Adaptive HCI-aware Power Gating Structure

Kyung Ki Kim,  Haiqing Nan,  Ken Choi
Illinois Institute of Technology


This paper presents the hot-carrier-injection (HCI)-induced delay degradation of the power gating structure as well as the HCI impact on critical issues in the power gating, such as leakage power, wake-up time, and wake-up rush-current. Considering this HCI impact, a novel adaptive hot-carrier-injection (HCI)-aware power gating structure is proposed to compensate for the performance loss and the increased wake-up time of the power gating structures induced by device aging effects. The proposed structure consists of variable width footers based on the two-pass power gating and a new HCI monitoring circuit, which is imperative for a good adaptive technique. The simulation results are compared to those of power gating without the adaptive technique and show that both the circuit-delay and weak-up time dependence of the power gating structure on the HCI stress is minimized with only 2 % and 3% increase, respectively while keeping small leakage power and rush-current. The proposed technique is evaluated using ISCAS85 benchmark circuits which are designed using 45nm CMOS predictive technology model.