Application-Specific Network-on-Chip Synthesis: Cluster Generation and Network Component Insertion

Wei Zhong1,  Bei Yu2,  Song Chen1,  Takeshi Yoshimura1,  Sheqin Dong2,  Satoshi Goto1
1Graduate School of IPS, Waseda University, Japan., 2Department of Computer Science & Technology, Tsinghua University, China.


Network-on-Chips (NoCs) have emerged as a paradigm for designing scalable communication architecture for System-on-Chips (SoCs). In NoC, one of the key challenges is to design the most power-performance efficient NoC topology that satisfies the application characteristics. In this paper, we present a three-stage synthesis approach to solve this problem. First, we propose an algorithm [floorplanning integrated with cluster generation (FCG)] to explore optimal clustering of cores during floorplanning with minimized link and switch power consumption. Then, based on the size of applications, an Integer Linear Programming (ILP) and a heuristic method (H) are also proposed to place switches and network interfaces on the floorplan. Finally, a power and timing aware path allocation algorithm (PA) is carried out to determine the connectivity across different switches. Experimental results show that, for small applications, the NoC topology synthesized by FIP (FCG+ILP+PA) method can save 27.54% of power, 4% of hop-count and 66% of running time on average. And for large applications, FHP (FCG+H+PA) synthesis method can even save 31.77% of power, 29% of hop-count and 94.18% of running time on average.