Clock Planning for Multi-Voltage and Multi-Mode Designs

Chang-Cheng Tsai1,  Tzu-Hen Lin2,  Shin-Han Tsai1,  Hung-Ming Chen1
1NCTU, Taiwan, 2NTU, Taiwan


Low power demand drives the development of lower power design architectures, among which multiple supply voltage is one of the state-of-the-art techniques to achieve low power. In addition, dynamic voltage frequency scaling and adaptive voltage scaling are popular power saving techniques during chip operation to provide different modes for various performance requirements. It is therefore very challenging to generate a clock tree for different operation modes. This paper proposes several implementations on this important issue, one of which can provide smallest clock latency and minimum clock skew on average of required operation modes in multi-voltage designs.