Low Complexity Cross Parity Codes for Multiple and Random Bit Error Correction.

Mahesh Poolakkaparambil1,  Jimson Mathew1,  Abusaleh Jabir2,  Saraju Mohanty2
1Oxford Brookes University, 2University of North Texas


Error detection and correction which has been used in communication and memory design is becoming increasingly important in fault tolerant logic circuit design. As a result of the aggressive technology scaling, the current high-density integrated circuits are easily succumbed to faulty operations generated from many sources including manufacturing faults, radiation induced faults, or malicious eavesdropper attacks. The currently used techniques like low-density parity-check (LDPC) and Hamming code based fault masking to mitigate bit flips in the digital circuits are either single bit error correcting or multiple error correctable with Bose-Choudhury-Hocquenghem (BCH) and Reed-solomon based methods with very large overheads. This paper introduce a novel cross parity code based method that can correct multiple errors with minimal compromise in error correction capability and area. The key idea of the novel method proposed in this paper is that not to correct all the errors but minimize their probability being escaped. Experimental results of the proposed methods show that the following: (1) area overhead is 101% for Hamming cross code and 106% for BCH cross code for a 90-bit finite field multiplier and (2) 150% for Hamming cross code and 170% for BCH cross codes for practically used 163-bit digit serial polynomial basis multiplier. Thus, the proposed methods are significantly efficient compared to Triple Modular Redundancy (TMR), LDPC, Hamming based methods in terms of area overhead and also the first attempted approach to a low complexity multiple error correctable digit serial multiplier to the best of the our knowledge. Keywords: Polynomial Basis Bultiplier, Concurrent Error Detection, Single Error Correction, N-Modular Redundancy, Bose-Choudhury-Hocquenghem Code.